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Italy

ITA

Italy is among the European countries richest in biodiversity, due mainly to a favourable geographical position and a wide variety of geological, climatic and vegetation conditions. The Italian fauna is estimated at more than 58,000 species. There are also significant rates of endemism, particularly in amphibians (31.8%) and bony freshwater fishes (18.3%). Italian flora also has great richness: the groups of mosses and lichens are among the richest in Europe, while higher plants include 6,711 species. The contingent of endemic species is quite significant and amounts to more than 15%.

Italy has around 21.5% terrestrial area protected, as well as around 8.8% marine protected area. These areas come under all IUCN Management Categories and have a range of governance types including, National Ministry, Collaborative, and Non-profit organisations. Of the many protected areas in Italy, one was successfully Green Listed during the pilot phase of the Green List in 2014: Gran Paradiso National Park, which has government-delegated management. Gran Paradiso National Park was the first national park to be established in Italy in 1922. It includes a large territory of high mountains, from the 800 meters of the valley bottoms to the 4.061 meters of Gran Paradiso peak. Larch and fir woodlands, wide alpine grasslands, rocks, and glaciers make up an ideal setting for the life of a rich and various wildlife and for a visit leading to the discovery of the wonderful world of the high mountains.

Related Sites

Related Expert Assessment Group (EAGL): Italy

Overview

Date of Approval
22/01/2019

Status
EAGL fully trained

EAGL Chair
Italy

Allocated Reviewer
Liviu Amariei

Standard Adaptation Status
Approved

EAGL Members

Fluvio Cerfolli

Fluvio Cerfolli



Corrado Battisti

Corrado Battisti



Valentina Cappanera

Valentina Cappanera



Margherita Palmieri

Margherita Palmieri



Giacomo Benelli

Giacomo Benelli



Francesco de Franco

Francesco de Franco



Pierlisa Di Felice

Pierlisa Di Felice



Milena Tempesta

Milena Tempesta



Angioletta Voghera

Angioletta Voghera



Davide Marino

Davide Marino



Pierluca Gaglioppa

Pierluca Gaglioppa



Fabio Vallarola

Fabio Vallarola



Rita deStefano

Rita deStefano



Leonardo Tunesi

Leonardo Tunesi



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