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South Korea

KOR

In South Korea, statutory protected areas are categorised into about 25 types according to 14 laws. Five government agencies are authorised to designate and to manage these protected areas. KNPS (Korea National Park Service) was established in 1987 to facilitate professional management of protected areas, and has taken care of the National Parks. KNPS has made continuous efforts to manage protected areas effectively through: i) active participation in CBD, ii) application of IUCN Categories to national parks of Korea, iii) MEE (Management Effectiveness Evaluation) on protected areas (2009, 2016), and iv) introduction of the IUCN Green List Standard.

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Related Expert Assessment Group (EAGL): Korea

Overview

Date of Approval
25/10/2019

Status
EAGL fully trained

EAGL Chair
Korea

Allocated Reviewer
Matthew Durnin

Standard Adaptation Status
Approved

Summary of Key Expertise

The South Korean EAGL group consists of nine experts such as three university professors, two NGO members, one research scientist, one UNESCO staff, one National Park Service staff, and one politician. We have a on-line group-chat(we call Kakao talking room) for communication. Two meetings were held in last six months: one is a expert workshop with two IUCN reviewers in last October and other is oneday member meeting to arrange work shedule and contents last January. Because of Covid-19, the visiting sites has been delayed.

EAGL Members

Ahn, Tong Mahn

Emeritus Professor, Seoul National University, Corea
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Ahn, Tong Mahn

He was born in the year 1950 in Korea. He has academic qualifications in architecture from Seoul National University (SNU), landscape architecture from Graduate School of Environmental Studies, SNU, and urban and regional planning from Sydney University of Australia, and University of Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Since 1980 he had taught in the Department of Landscape Architecture, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, SNU. He had been consulting or advising local and national governments in landscape planning/design, environmental policy, and conservation, particularly for the Ministry for Construction and Transport, the Ministry for the Environment, and the Seoul City.

He was the Vice President of the International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA) for Asia Pacific Region (APR) during 2006 – 2010. He served as the presidents of Korean Society of Rural Planning, and Korea Green Roof and Infrastructure Association. He has been judges for international competitions in Korea, Taiwan, China. He had chaired the Sir Jeoffrey Jellicoe Landscape Architecture Award nomination committee of IFLA, and he had initiated the IFLA APR landscape architecture award, and the Korea Green Roof Award.

During the last several decades, in Korea like many other countries, industrialization, economic growth, and urbanization had been great threats to the natural environment. However, with its extremely limited land mass and natural resources, Korea has been fairly successful in protecting the natural environment and the ecosystems. In order for further successful protection for our local people and their descendants, and also for international exchanges of information, skills, and policy experiences for the benefits of the world people, Green List program is a hugely valuable task.



KIM, Eun-Young

Director for Sciences and Youth, Korean National Commission for UNESCO
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KIM, Eun-Young

Ms Eun-Young Kim is currently the Director for Sciences and Youth at the Korean National Commission for UNESCO (KNCU). She studied biology at Seoul National University. She joined KNCU in 1999 and has conducted many projects in UNESCO’s natural sciences and social and human sciences fields. In particular, she managed KNCU’s work relating to UNESCO international scientific programmes covering biodiversity, ocean, water, and geoscience. She has also been involved in nomination and management of UNESCO biosphere reserves in Korea and has published articles on biosphere reserves and biodiversity to raise public awareness on this issue. She serves as a member of the UNESCO Heritage Management Committee of Jeju Special Self-Governing Province, the Korea Oceanographic Commission, IHP National Committee of the Republic of Korea, among other committees.

My main concerns are biodiversity conservation and sustainable development and I am therefore very interested and involved in biosphere reserve activities nationally and internationally. I believe that it is vital that as many people as possible are aware of the significance of biodiversity and its current status. Among other factors, climate change is a global challenge that has potential to affect biodiversity and deepen its loss very significantly. I believe that the Green List will greatly contribute to biodiversity conservation.



Yong-Ha PARK

Emeritus Research Fellow, Korea Environment Institute
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Yong-Ha PARK

Expertise in Microbiology, Microbial Ecology, Plant Genetics, Plant Pathology, Soil Contamination Remediation and Prevention, Biodiversity Conservation Policy, Soil Conservation Policy, Climate Change Adaptation Policy

2015-2017 Director, Division of Nature Resource Conservation/KEI

1997-2002 Head, Environmental Management Team/ Korea Environment

2009-2010 Director, Korea Adaptation Center for Climate Change/KEI

1997-2002 Head, Environmental Management Team/ Korea Environment

2002-2003 Director, Environment Response and Restoration Division /KEI

1997-2002 Head, Environmental Management Team/ KEI

1997-2002 Head, Environmental Management Team/ Korea Environment Institute (KEI)

1991-1993 Research Associate of USDA/ARS (College Station, Texas, US)

1992 Texas A&M University, Plant Pathology & Microbiology, Ph.D.

1987 Colorado State University, Botany and Plant Pathology, M.S.

1984 Korea University, Agronomy, M.S.

1982 Korea University, Agronomy, B.S.

The IUCN Green List of Protected and conserved Area Program is a powerful measure to improve and maintain the protected and conserved areas around the world. I would like to dedicate my knowledge and experience of protected areas including National Parks and biodiversity conservation policy, and would promote the activity of the Expert Assessment Group for the Green List.



Yonghoon Son

Associate Professor(Ph D), Associate Dean of Graduate School of Environmental studies in Seoul National University
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Yonghoon Son

Dr Son studied landscape architecture at Seoul National University in Korea and obtained his PhD Degree in forest landscape plan from the Tokyo University in Japan.

The main research areas are the ecotourism plan, rural landscape plan, ecosystem service assessment, and park plan. Among the projects he has been working on, there are landscape resource assessment in a national park in Korea, recreation forest plan in Jeju Gotjawal, and urban forest management plan in Korea. Recently, he is researching to quantify values of cultural ecosystem services considering the user’s experience of the natural environment using social media big data for effective planning and wise use.



Donguk HAN

Director, PGA Eco&Bio diversity Institute, ECO Korea
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Donguk HAN

I’m a wetland & conservation ecologist and adjunct professor of Kongju
National University, KOREA. I have been working for PGA Institute since 2019, which is an ecological  research institute under the (NPO) ECO Korea.

I’m a member of IUCN specialist group. I worked (2005-2013) as the director general / CTO at PGA Wetland Ecology Institute KOREA,

And I worked (2013-2015) as an executive director of bureau of basic ecology at NIE (National Institute of Ecology KOREA). I was (2007-2011) a member of committee of national wetlands consultation committee KOREA, and (2011-2013) a member of committee of national central coastal consultation committee KOREA. I have been working for the ecological society of KOREA as the chair of external cooperation committee and IUCN committee since 2017 and for KOREA society of conservation biology as the executive director since 2009. I contributed to activities of CBD, IPBES, Ramsar Convention, UNESCO MAB, SOI, YSLME, YSESP, EAAFP.



Yong-seok Shin

President of Korean Association of Professional Engineers of Environmental Management
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Yong-seok Shin

I have some experience about National Park management, especially on the ecological restoration and visitor management, cooperation with local community.

  •  2017-2018 Superintendent of Jirisan National Park Office
  • 2013-2016 Director of National Park Reseach Institute
  • 2013 Director of National Park Eco-learning Institute
  • 2012 Director of Administration, KNPS


Hong, Suk-Hwan

Associate Professor, Pusan National University
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Hong, Suk-Hwan

Suk-Hwan Hong is a professor of Landscape Architecture Department in Pusan National University. Hong has been studying and surveying in field areas especially protected areas based on the landscape ecology. As this main research area, he participated Korean National Park’s most important management planning projects such as Master Plan of NP, Management Plan of NPs, Landscape Plan of NP, Facility management Plan of NP etc. Hong have been working as an expert with many NGOs who mainly focused on the nature protection of protected areas and other environmental issue.

I have been surveying field data on the Korean protected areas for 20 years. With this experience, I have tried to protect many natural areas in Korea. GL system can leading effective management to PAs, so have been interested since 2012 and participated Korean EALG group member in 2014 for first GL verification. I want to be continuous interested in GL system and it’s spreading.



Jong Geel Je

President, Korea Ecotourism Society(KES)
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Jong Geel Je

Dr. Jong Geel Je who was used to work for Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology (KIOST) for 20 years since 1984 is president of Korea Ecotourism Society(KES). He was born in 1955 at Changwon, the southern coastal city and educated at Konkuk University and Seoul National University where he gained M.A. in zoological science and Ph D. in marine ecology respectively.  He was once mayor of Ansan city during 2014-2018 and a member of the National Assembly during 2004-2008.  His main interest was nature conservation especially marine ecosystem management, environmental education and ecotourism.

He has remained actively involved in natural and urban ecosystem management, urban regeneration and integrated coastal management and has participated extensively in diverse nature management activities including policy making.  In recent years he has combined his experiences of nature and urban ecosystem management and politics.



Jung, Sue jung

Head Director, Korea Environmental Education Institute
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Jung, Sue jung

  • Education for sustainable development
  • Development of environmental education policy
  • Network of regional contacts and stakeholder organizations

I think one of the key points in the IUCN green list program is the voluntary and ongoing involvement of the community.

The key players in protected areas are local and local residents, and are the starting points for development through governance.

I want to confirm and highlight these through the green list program.

I have long worked with local environmental education, sustainable development education, governance-related research and NGO cooperation.

I think my expertise can help with the related matters.

I want to join the development of effective and sustainable protection and conservation areas through EAGL participation and activities.



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