Green List

Odaesan National Park


First Listed



Pilot Site

This site is undergoing the renewal of its IUCN Green List Certification

Why is it Green Listed?

Designated as the 11th national park in Korea in 1975, Odaesan National Park is divided by Baekdudaegan (Mountain range known as the backbone of Korea) into the Woljeongsa district and Sogeumgang district.
Odaesan is spread out across Gangneung-si, Hongcheon-gun, and Pyeongchang-gun in Gangwon-do(Province) over a total area of 303.929㎢, and based around the highest peak Birobong which stands at 1,536m above sea level.

There are a total of 3,788 animal and plant species living in Odaesan National Park. Odaesan has 1.040 plant species which include 30 native Korean species and for animals, there are 28 mammal species, 103 bird species, 13 amphibian species, 12 reptile species, 35 fish species, 1,976 insect species, 157 spider species, and 147 benthic macro invertebrate species.

“Located in the center of the Baekdu-daegan, the north-south ecological axis of the Korean Peninsula, Odaesan National Park is an area with high ecological value as an alpine wetland(Lamsar Wetland, 2008) and goat habitat. By using the IUCN Green List recognition, we will make further efforts to protect the value of Odaesan National Park.”

KIM, Cheol Soo, Superintendent, Odaesan National Park

Site Attributes



National Park

IUCN Category

Year Established

Marine Protected Area

Governance Type
Federal or national ministry or agency

Site Agency
Korea National Park Service

Site Manager
Nakyong KIM

EAGL Chair
Jong Geel Je

ASI Reviewer
Matthew Durnin

Site Summary

Odaesan National Park was added to the Green List during the Pilot Phase in 2014. Odaesan Mountain is located in the central and eastern part of Gangwon-do. The mountain was designated a national park in February 1975, including an area of 326.35 Km2 centered on the highest peak, Birobong Peak (1,563m). Other peaks include Horyeongbong, Sangwangbong, Dongdaesan, and Durobong. Odaesan has the largest natural forest of Korea, home to many wild animals and plants.

The area of Birobong Peak is famous for its Nuncheunkbaek and Yew tree forests. The royal azelea and Geumgang Chorong from Durobong Peak to Sangwangbong Peak are famous and there are animals such as boars, musk deer, turtledoves and colorful woodpeckers living here.

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